Books, News and Reviews


Arts in Review

Director Doug Nichol’s California Typewriter a Passion Project for Everyone Involved

EVEN ACCOMPLISHED PEOPLE GROW RESTLESS. After graduating from film school at the University of Southern California, Doug Nichol began his career as a camera operator on high-profile music documentaries like U2: Rattle and Hum (1988), and Madonna: Truth or Dare (1991), for which he was also a director of photography. As a cinematographer he shot the TV documentary Billy Joel: Live in Leningrad (1987). Nichol won a Grammy Award for directing the 1993 video documentary Sting: Ten Summoners Tales.

He spent a decade directing music videos for artists like New Kids on the Block, Sting, Lenny Kravitz and Aerosmith, earning two other Grammy nominations along the way. He later directed hundreds of television commercials. But for Nichol, a resident of the San Francisco Bay Area, something was missing. Music videos and commercials “were a way to support my family,” he tells Moresby Press, “but I felt there was an emptiness.”

And then a passion project came along that would change Nichol’s life and those of nearly everyone involved with it—the 2017 documentary California Typewriter, which he directed, photographed, edited and co-produced. Ostensibly about a struggling typewriter-repair shop—and the subculture still devoted to the analog machines that the rest of the world mostly considers obsolete in the digital age—the film is also about people following their passion, instead of following the herd.

“Nobody in the film is doing what they do for money,” Nichol says. “They are all doing it out of love. The whole project, top-to-bottom, was infused with that.”

The movie had its origins in 2011, when Nichol read an article in The New York Times about an East Village artist whose favorite possession was an Underwood No. 5 typewriter. Intrigued, Nichol found the same model on eBay for $6 (plus $60 to ship the heavy machine). He thought the antique would look nice on a desk in his office. But the broken typewriter called out to him to fix it.

Herb Permillion, owner of the California Typewriter shop

He Googled “typewriter shops” and found just one, California Typewriter in Berkeley, which was open for only a few hours a day, four days a week. He met the owner, Herbert L. Permillion, III; Herb’s daughters, Carmen and Candace, who also work in the shop; and master repairman Ken Alexander. The chance encounter led Nichol to make a three-minute short about the shop that later grew into the full-length documentary.

“The motivating force of this film came from when I walked into that typewriter shop and met the family and they repaired my typewriter,” he says. “They were struggling so much that I felt I had to finish this film for them. It was only through getting their story out there that people could meet them and they could have any hope of their business surviving.”

Nichol started hanging around the shop and filming the staff at work, and then made the short. A friend showed it to actor Tom Hanks, who collects typewriters and offered to appear in the longer film. As one introduction led to another, Nichol followed two paths: filming notable people who use typewriters—including Hanks, playwright/actor Sam Shepard, historian and author David McCullough, and musician John Mayer—and telling the stories of people he met at the shop. One of those narratives involved the artist Jeremy Mayer, who creates android sculptures out of discarded typewriter parts.

“When I met him, Jeremy was sleeping on the floor of a shipping container with not even twenty bucks to his name,” Nichol recalls. “But he was loving what he did, which was taking apart typewriters like erector sets and putting them together into these forms.”

A parallel began to emerge between the themes of the film and Nichol’s own experience of making it. In his self-funded passion project, he found himself gravitating toward people who were also motivated by love for what they were doing. 

(continue ...)

Scars of War, Sins of Father Form Aida’s Secrets

“YOU CAN’T HIDE EVERYTHING. Something must surface.” An elderly woman who survived the Bergen-Belsen Nazi concentration camp is talking about the mystery behind the bittersweet new documentary Aida’s Secrets, from producer/director Alon Schwarz.

Schwarz’s uncle, Izak Szewelwicz, was born in 1945 in the Bergen-Belsen displaced-persons camp, a community popular amongst refugees who lived there after the war. As a blond-haired toddler Izak was sent to Israel to live with a family he assumed was his own. But he soon learned they were not his real parents or siblings. He eventually met his birth mother Aida, who as a young blonde beauty had immigrated to Canada after sending Izak to Israel. She told him that his father had died in the war.

As an adult, Izak lives in Israel with his children and grandchildren. But everything he thinks he knows about his background is revealed as false in 2013, when he tracks down his adoption files and learns that his father was alive after the war and had divorced his mother. Seeking more answers, Izak locates his birth certificate in Germany and is shocked to discover that he has a brother. Shep, 10 months younger than Izak, is blind and lives in Canada.

The film gains dramatic momentum when Izak, then in his late 60s, flies to Canada for a tearful first meeting with the brother he never knew existed. Izak is overjoyed, but Shep seems uncomfortable with the new reality of his life that he is forced to confront.

It turns out that Shep was raised in Canada by his father and never knew his mother—just as Izak, the brother he never knew, had never met his father. Despite his visual impairment, Shep was a competitive athlete as a younger man, skiing, running marathons and cycling. Grisha, the father who raised him, was cold and emotionally distant. He had married a German war widow and Shep was 16 when he learned that she was not his mother.

By the time of the brothers’ reunion their father has died, so it’s too late for Izak to meet him. But it turns out that Aida, the mother Shep never knew, is living not far from him in Canada. The two men feel confused and betrayed. Shep in particular suffers from abandonment issues. “I think I’m a person that a mother would have loved,” he says.

Soon after meeting each other for the first time, the two brothers drive to the nursing home where their mother Aida now lives—Izak to see her for the first time in years, Shep to meet her for the first time ever. Seated in a chair, the old woman is frail and forgetful but remembers both of her sons, murmuring “God bless you,” as they kneel and kiss her.

At this point in the story, the sons and the audience want to ask Aida what happened—why did the family split into fragments after the war, and why were the brothers never told about each other? But Shep and Izak are initially reluctant to be aggressive. 

She later claims not to remember what happened to Shep when he was a baby.
“I was a person, I was a baby,” he says afterwards. “But it was almost like she blanked me out of existence.” Izak feels some sense of closure, but for Shep, pain and doubts linger. Aida is their mother, but did the sons have the same father? They agree to a DNA test, but Izak insists he has “absolutely no doubt” that he and Shep have the same father.

Through their own investigations, the filmmakers discover that Aida had tried to rejoin Izak a few months after sending him to Palestine, but her application was denied because the state of Israel didn’t recognize her as a Jew. She instead wound up emigrating from Germany to Canada.

All these decades later, she has kept two black-and-white photographs that were evidently shot in the same location on the same day, during a summer picnic by a lake. One shows a young, handsome Grisha sitting on a blanket and smiling. In the other, Aida relaxes on the same blanket with her two babies and another man. What was the relationship between the three adults?

The filmmakers learn that Grisha was a philanderer who cheated on Aida with other women. A sad, powerful and intriguing film, Aida’s Secrets purports to be about families displaced by war and atrocities. But what happened to these unfortunate brothers may have had more to do with the sins of their father than the horrors of war.


Penny Postcards Picture Chicago History, Changes

“PICTURE POSTCARDS PRESENTED THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD in color at a time when black-and-white photography dominated print media and travel was a difficult and expensive proposition,” Lawrence Okrent writes in his foreword to the sumptuously enjoyable Changing Chicago: A Portrait in Postcards and Photos (Chicago’s Books Press, $40).

Okrent, one of the book’s three authors (along with editor/publisher Neal Samors and photographer Steven Dahlman), writes that in the days before widespread use of telephones, penny postcards were “the principal means of casual interpersonal communication.”

On the margin of one postcard showing the original Cook County Jail, someone, perhaps a mother, has written in a cursive hand: “This is where I will put you if you don’t behave.” People filled shoe boxes with postcards they’d received, bearing messages from friends and family on one side, and destination images on the other.

In this lavishly produced, 208-page coffee-table picture book printed on thick, smooth (and aromatic) paper, the authors have collected and reproduced more than 200 vintage Chicago postcards and juxtaposed those images with archival and new photographs to illustrate how the city has changed in the 146 years since the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

Originally shot in black-and-white and then colorized by their publishers, such as Chicago printers Curt Teich & Co., the postcard photographs from the early to mid-20th century evoke a bustling, modern city whose energetic citizens also enjoyed plenty of leisure time at the beach or along the lakefront. That idealized, colorful evocation must have seemed dreamily exciting and appealing, and perhaps out-of-reach, to people in other parts of the country who received the postcards in the mail.

The book organizes its images into locations and aspects of this beautiful American city, many of which remain central to daily life in Chicago today: the river (once churning with commercial ships and lined with docks and warehouses, now home to promenades, cafes and restaurants, where people watch pleasure craft cruise past), Wacker Drive, and Michigan Avenue (including the Water Tower, Tribune Tower, Wrigley Building, Michigan Avenue Bridge, and Art Institute of Chicago).

Other entries are devoted to Chicago’s aerial views, its beaches, Board of Trade, Buckingham Fountain, churches, City Hall, Civic Opera Building, elevated trains, Lake Shore Drive, Gold Coast, Grant Park and Millennium Park.

We see the evolution of the city’s harbors, Navy Pier, Merchandise Mart, Museum of Science and Industry, and Field Museum. Across glossy spreads pop Chicago’s parks, sports arenas like Wrigley Field and the Chicago Stadium, State Street (including Marshall Field and Company—now Macy’s—and the Chicago Theatre), other Loop streets, and landmark hotels like The Drake, Palmer House, and Blackstone.

One thing that becomes apparent seeing the old postcards next to recent pictures of Chicago is the elegance its citizens and visitors—and the rest of the world—have lost. In vintage shots, ladies and gentlemen stroll in dresses and suits; in contemporary photos, slobs stumble in shorts and T-shirts.

Some postcards are arranged one or two per page, others four or six per page. A few cover two full pages of the book—such as one showing Navy Pier in the 1940s, and another of Adams and State streets at the dawn of the 20th century.

For Chicagoans, the book is a rare pleasure. Other readers might feel like the recipients of those postcards so long ago: They’ll wish they were here.

Follow Moresby Press on Twitter: @MoresbyPress
Join our email list:

A romantic noir thriller set in
Spain, Morocco, Amsterdam
and Chicago

—William Friedkin,
director of "The French Connection"
and "The Exorcist"


—WGN Radio


—Inside Publications



Buy the paperback or e-book today